Abstract for My Latest Essay on the Intersection of Race/Ethnicity + Gender + Immigration + Human Trafficking

The intersection of gender, race and ethnicity is apparent in the plight of female immigrants and asylum seekers in the United States.  According to the U.S. Department of State‘s 2004 Trafficking in Persons Report, 14,500 to 17,500 people are trafficked into the United States each year, but this number doesn‘t include those trafficked domestically. In the same Report, it is estimated that 79% of human trafficking victims are women and children.  Women and girls do occupy a subordinate position in patriarchal societies, facing particular vulnerabilities to hunger, poverty, exploitation and violence.  These vulnerabilities are exacerbated by illiteracy, low education levels, localized and internecine conflicts, and limited job opportunities. The latter is a huge motivating factor in immigration. The fact is that most individuals exploited in informal economies, the sex trade and and other forms of human trafficking are immigrant women.  The feminine face of poverty is one explanation for the overwhelming femininity of the exploited underclass.

(152 words)

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